RTI2 - Response to Instruction and Intervention: Implementing Successful Academic and Behavioral Intervention Systems
by Howard M. Knoff, Ph.D. and Cheryl Dyer
Just Revised and Updated: December, 2014 !!!
Reference Number: #1-935300-91-1
Publisher: International Center for
Leadership in Education (877) 234-7323
Response to instruction and intervention (RTI2) involves evaluating the degree to which students (a) master academic material in response to effective instruction, and (b) demonstrate appropriate, prosocial behavior in response to effective classroom management. When students are not progressing or "responding" to effective instructional conditions, academically or behaviorally, RTI2 uses a data-based, functional assessment, problem-solving process to determine the reason(s) for the lack of success, and links the results with multi-tiered services, supports, strategies, and strategic or intensive programs. The goal is ultimately to help all students be academically and behaviorally successful.
RTI2 also combines response-to-intervention with response-to-instruction in recognition that some students need modified or more intensive instruction in order to be academically or behaviorally successful, while other students need targeted, strategic, or intensive intervention(s) in order to facilitate their success. All of this is integrated into an effective school and schooling context so that the process is connected to a school's strategic planning and effective teacher/instructional processes.
This newly revised and updated handbook presents an integrated evidence-based blueprint that guides effective classroom instruction and behavior management. The blueprint includes academic and behavioral service and support "cascades" to ensure that at-risk, underachieving, or unsuccessful students receive the services needed. Moreover, this approach has been implemented across the country-- particularly in Arkansas-- as the core multi-tiered process for hundreds of schools at the elementary and secondary levels.
The chapters and their authors are as follows: Ordering Information
- The Introduction to the RTI2 Model - Knoff
- Designing and Implementing Effective RTI2 Systems in Districts and Schools - Knoff
- The Grade- and Building-Level RTI2 Teams - Knoff
- The RTI2 Data-Based, Functional Assessment, Problem-Solving Process - Knoff
- End-of-Year Transition Activities that Sustain the RTI2 Process - Knoff
- Academic Interventions in Literacy - Dyer
- Academic Interventions in Mathematics - Dyer
- Social, Emotional, and Behavioral Interventions - Knoff
More About the Authors, the Handbook, and the RTI2 approach.
Written by two national experts in the field, the kit describes the critical components that help education leaders to implement effective RTI2 systems and approaches at the school and district levels. Focused on students with both academic and behavioral difficulties, the kit provides step-by-step implementation guides and procedures, and discusses how to link assessments that explain why students are not succeeding to more strategic or intensive academic or behavioral instruction or intervention.
RTI2 is not a particular program, curriculum, or model. It is a framework, or blueprint, for allocating instructional and behavioral services and supports aligned to a student's individual needs. The ultimate goal is to provide early, effective services at the level of intensity necessary for students maximize their academic and behavioral potential and proficiency. The RTI2 process proceeds through a flexible three-tiered system that represents the intensity of the supports needed by students to be successful. They are not labels that describe students or places to send students. The emphasis is on delivering the instruction or intervention through consultative support to general education teachers. The primary prevention in RTI occurs in Tier 1, which means in the general education classroom.